Veins are the blood vessels that return of blood to the heart. The arteries,on the other hand, carry blood away from the heart to the rest of the body.Usually, veins are not visible in the legs. There are two main sets of veins in the legs. The deep veins and the superficial veins. A varicose vein is a disease of the superficial veins of the legs.
Varicose veins usually appear as bluish, curly, twisted and ropy bulges are running just beneath the surface of your skin. They occur classically in the area of the legs covered by ‘GATOR BOOTS” typically below the knee,although sometimes the thigh can also be affected. Bluish or reddish and streaky network of veins that often cluster around ankles and lower legs and thighs are called spider veins. Although they can hurt and appear disfiguring, they are usually harmless, but when inflamed they can cause ankle swelling itching and burning.
Besides the varicose veins and spider veins outlined above, there also are interior superficial and deep venous networks which are typically not visible through the skin. When the valves in these veins become dysfunctional, and blood starts pooling in the legs, significant leg symptoms such as heaviness, aching swelling, throbbing and itching follow. Typical signs of venous insufficiency are swelling, skin thickening and discoloration of legs and ulceration.
Special treatment in the form of endovenous ablation exists that can prevent these symptoms by closing the damaged vein and rerouting the blood circulation back to the heart through the remaining healthy veins.
What causes varicose veins?
Malfunctioning of the valves within the vein results in varicose veins, causing blood to pool in the legs.
Who is at risk?
• Family history
• Multiple pregnancies
• Standing occupation
• Prior injury or surgery
How or varicose veins diagnosed and treated?
Comprehensive services provided for all varicose veins related issues at Maryland heart include Endovenous ablation, microphlebectomy, foam sclerotherapy, liquid sclerotherapy.
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